Meet the Lifesavers

An Introduction to Emergency Medical Services


If you, or someone you know, is ever sick or injured and needs emergency help, remember - there are lots of people who are specially trained to help you get better!  Meet some of them here:


Emergency Medical Technicians

j0246276.wmf (8212 bytes) j0246284.wmf (9700 bytes) j0246291.wmf (8180 bytes) ii Emergency medical technicians, sometimes called "EMTs," have different amounts of training, depending on their job.   Sometimes EMTs are dispatchers, who answer calls for help and send ambulances and rescue vehicles to the scene of the emergency.  Other EMTs drive the ambulance, assist with rescues, and perform basic emergency medical care.



j0229831.wmf (3974 bytes) ii Paramedics are EMTs with the highest level of training.  They are able to perform many medical procedures at the scene of an emergency, or in an ambulance on the way to the hospital.  Using a radio to communicate, paramedics often get instructions from a doctor at the emergency room or at the base station (the paramedic's headquarters.)


Emergency Nurses

j0251671.wmf (7570 bytes) ii If you were a patient in the emergency room, an emergency nurse would probably be the first person you'd see.  One of the nurse's jobs is to ask you questions about your problem, and help decide when you can see the doctor.  Emergency nurses are specially trained to help treat emergency patients.


Emergency Physicians

j03200901.wmf (8264 bytes) ii Emergency physicians are doctors who are specially trained to take care of a certain type of patient, emergency patients.  Doctors who are specially trained are often called "specialists."  Emergency physicians specialize in helping people who are injured in accidents or who become sick very suddenly, such as someone who is having a heart attack or has a very high fever.



j0304481.wmf (7140 bytes) ii Police officers and fire fighters are some of the other people that might help you, especially if you had to be rescued.

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In Case of Emergency:  DIAL 9-1-1

  1. DIAL 9-1-1 or your local emergency number.  If you don't know the emergency number, dial 0 for the operator.
  2. TELL the dispatcher about what happened.  Be calm and speak slowly.
  3. You'll have to ANSWER questions like:
  4. LISTEN to the instructions the dispatcher gives you.
  5. Don't hang up until the dispatcher tells you to.  Don't leave the scene of the emergency until help arrives.


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Material taken from the American College of Emergency Physicians.